The Prambanan temple is the largest Hindu temple of ancient Java, and the first building was completed in the mid-9th century. It was likely started by Rakai Pikatan as the Hindu Sanjaya Dynasty’s answer to the Buddhist Sailendra Dynasty’s Borobudur and Sewu temples nearby. Historians suggest that the construction of Prambanan probably was meant to mark the return of the Hindu Sanjaya Dynasty to power in Central Java after almost a century of Buddhist Sailendra Dynasty domination. The construction of this massive Hindu temple signifies that the Medang court had shifted its patronage from Mahayana Buddhism to Shaivite Hinduism.
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History Temple Prambanan
Prambanan Temple is a Hindu temple located in the province of Central Java, Indonesia. Prambanan Temple is also known by the name of Roro Jongrang temple was founded around the year 850 AD by the Sanjaya dynasty. In 1991 ago, the temple was designated as a world cultural heritage by UNESCO which should be protected existence. Prambanan temple has a height of 47 meters or 5 meters higher than Borobudur temple.
Brief History About Prambanan
Prambanan is a Hindu temple located on the border between the two provinces, namely Central Java and Yogyakarta. Location of Prambanan precisely located approximately 30 kilometers north-northeast of the city of Yogyakarta. The temple is located closest to the Prambanan temple there are some that Kalasan, Pawon, Plaosan, Kraton Ratu Boko temple, and many more, which is located just a few kilometers away from Prambanan.
Prambanan is the largest Hindu temple relics in Indonesia, and even believed in Southeast Asia with a height of up to 47 meters. The temple, which has been designated by UNESCO as a cultural heritage was built in the 9th century, and is dedicated to the three major Hindu gods are Brahma as the creator god, Vishnu as the preserver god, and the god Shiva as a god of destruction.
After more than a century of Java controlled by Buddhist Sailendra dynasty, eventually their power slowly faded after experiencing some major defeat. And the history of Prambanan temple was begun at that time. Hindu Sanjaya dynasty slowly and surely beginning to return control of Java.
And to rival Borobudur is the largest Buddhist temple in Java ever built by the Sailendra dynasty, then later Sanjaya Dynasty built a Hindu temple is also not less magnificent.
Prambanan history begins in about the year 850 AD. Prambanan temple was first built by Rakai Pikatan which is the ruling dynasty dynasty at that time. After Rakai Pikatan, Prambanan Temple history continues with the massive construction undertaken by King Lokapala and followed again by Balitung Maha Sambu who is the ruler of the kingdom of Mataram of Sanjaya dynasty. Then the construction of the temple then still continued by King Daksha and Tulodong to build ancillary temples are small temples are huge numbers even in the hundreds.
Based on the history of Prambanan obtained from some historical evidence, it is believed Prambanan temple used to worship events and various other religious events. Also believed to be around Prambanan complex of buildings there are also some that are a kind of temple or the residence of the Brahmin or Buddhist Priest.
And the presence of several large complexes in the area around the temple, it is also believed that this region is the location of the administrative center of the kingdom of Mataram Hindu Sanjaya dynasty. It is also reinforced by the discovery of the ruins of Ratu Boko temple complex which is situated only about 5 kilometers south of Prambanan.
Ratu Boko temple complex are the ruins of a fairly wide enshrinement. And based on some historical evidence, it is believed Ratu Boko temple complex are the ruins of the former royal palace complex of Hindu Mataram. And it is believed this is where the central government is the Hindu Mataram kingdom. It is also supported by the many temples both large and small are found around this area. If the calculated possible the number could reach hundreds of temples both large and temples are in ruins.
There is an inscription that has been found and to the year 856 AD that Shivagrha inscription. And based on the inscription Shivagrha, said that the Prambanan temple was built in honor of Lord Shiva which is the biggest Hindu gods. And based on the inscription was also mentioned that this temple was first named as Shiva-grha which means house of Shiva and also called Shiva-laya which means the Kingdom of Shiva.
History Prambanan is also not free from Shivagrha inscription also mentions about the course of a large project which also take place simultaneously with the construction of Prambanan. Big projects going on around the outside of this are complex enshrinement Peel River project. Peel River is a large river that flows to the north of Prambanan.
Mentioned that the initially opaque River flows from the north of the temple complex to the east, then deflected the flow to near the temple. Peel watershed cutting is done by cutting the flow of water in the north and deflected directly toward the south just past the east Prambanan.
The Collapse Of Prambanan
Prambanan history ended when the Royal Palace Mataram shifted and moved to East Java. Believed to be the cause of the location of the center of government’s move is caused by the eruption of Mount Merapi which is north of the temple. The other cause is the existence of large rebellions that occurred in the Sanjaya dynasty itself. And the movement of the center of government is carried out by the MPU SINDOK in the year 930 AD who later founded Dynasty Isyana.
Once abandoned, Prambanan slowly begin to deteriorate and eventually suffered massive destruction as a result of a major earthquake that occurred in the 16th century. And finally Prambanan really just a small debris that amounted to hundreds. Yet despite all the surrounding communities are still highly respect the existence of the ruins of the temple to the extent that the legend arose Jonggrang are quite famous.
Rediscovery And Restoration
After hundreds of years abandoned and in ruins, history Prambanan begin to see the light after Britain keen to restore the glory of this temple. Colin Mackenzie is a fruit that is a child of Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles came across the ruins of Prambanan and assigned to perform the excavation. But it was not smooth sailing, and ruins still remain dormant.
Some restoration ever undertaken by the Dutch government in 1880, 1918, and finally a large scale restoration in 1930 and ended in 1953, which was inaugurated directly by the first president of Indonesia, Sukarno. Later in the history of Prambanan, in 2006 the temple was again experienced heavy damage resulting from an earthquake that rocked Yogyakarta and surrounding area. But once the temple was soon gain a thorough repair.
Prambanan beauty will never end. Since it was first built up at the present time is very often used for religious ceremonies until the various tour events. Until now Hindus still use the temple complex for religious ceremonies. Particularly during the holidays, for example in the Hindu religion, it is not uncommon this place seem crowded with acanya religious ceremony held here.
While in the west of the temple was built a stage routine Ramayana presented to the tourists who visit the various tourist attractions in Yogyakarta as well as a special visit Prambanan temple. Ramayana Ballet is a dance spectacle featuring the story of the Hindu story of Ramayana. This dance performance is very attractive for tourists, especially foreign tourists. But of course there is a special entrance ticket sold to be able to enjoy this ballet. The tickets are quite expensive for local tourists, but if you see the performing arts, the price to be paid is quite comparable to the beauty of the dance are staged.
Towards access Prambanan
Prambanan temple site is located on the edge of the highway Yogyakarta – Solo so it can be easily accessed from anywhere. For visitors coming from the direction of Yogyakarta in order to get to this location just spend Rp.3.000 – Rp.4.000 with Transjogja boarded the bus and other public transportation advice. If a visitor from Solo only cost Rp.3,000. Meanwhile, when the visitors came from the direction of Klaten Klaten can choose majors bus – Prambanan.
A Thousand Temples in Prambanan – The Legend of the Slender Virgin
Like any evil king, Prabu Damar Moyo had a trick up his sleeve: his evil son, Prince Bandung Bondoso, who could summon an army of demons in the blink of an eye. But like so many evil princes, Prince Bandung Bondoso was loveless. So he asked for the hand of Rara Jonggrang – the ‘slender virgin’ – whose father he had just killed in battle.
– “You may have my hand in marriage”, the virgin explained, “but only if you can build me a thousand temples before dawn.”
So the evil Prince Bandung Bondoso summoned his army of demons, and like any good army of demons they had already finished 999 with plenty of time to spare. But the slender virgin Rara Jonggrang had wit as well as beauty. Ordering her maid-servants to light a fire in the east and pound rice – a dawn task – the demons fled thinking that dawn had already arrived.
Unfortunately, there was no happy ending for the couple. In a fit of rage, the furious prince turned his future bride into the final, thousandth statue.
Prambanan’s real story is a little different.
The Hindu temple of Prambanan in Central Java, Indonesia. Prambanan temple near to Yogyakarta on Java, Indonesia. The prominent Southern Indian architectural style of Prambanan Temple. Flecks of paint found by archeologists suggest the temple was originally highly coloured.
Inside of the Complex
The Tirmurti Temples are dedicated to the three main Gods of the Hindu Trinity- Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva. In front of the Trimurti Temples are located the three Vahana Temples that worship the vahanas or the carriers of the three Gods – Hamsa, Garuda and Nandi respectively. A total number 8 shrines are located in the 4 Kelir and Patok temples. The square planned temple complex consists 3 zone yards, surrounded by four pierced walls with large gates. The holiest of the 3 zones, the central zone is assembled of eight focal shrines, of which the 3 Trimurti shrines are the manifestation of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva.
Nandi Statue Prambanan Temple Inside
Inside of Prambanan Temple Sign
Prambanan Temple Inside Compounds
Prambanan Temple Inside Statue
Prambanan Temple Indonesia History
Prambanan Temple Indonesia History. Rara jonggrang is a hindu temple complex dating from the 9th century ce located near bokoharjo on the island of java in indonesia. Storytelling prambanan temple,hindu temple found in indonesia,shiva shiva,biggest hindu temple in indonesia,hindu temple in bali indonesia.
Top 5 Temples To Explore In Indonesia Insight Guides Blog from d1bv4heaa2n05k.cloudfront.net
As we walked across the lush. Built in the 10th century, this is the largest temple compound dedicated to shiva in indonesia. Prambanan temple is one of yogyakarta biggest hindu temples located in central java and appointed as one of the famous yogyakarta tourist destinations.
Thank you jogja for make my holiday full of story.
The main indonesian island of java has seen a lot of however, history shows us there is something so adaptable about the javanese. Prambanan temple turned out to be one of the highlights of our visit to java, and it totally surprised us. Prambanan temple near yogyakarta on java island indonesia | © tatiana popova/shutterstock. But the prambanan temple was abandoned around the 10th century.
Prambanan temple near yogyakarta on java island indonesia | © tatiana popova/shutterstock.
This can be seen in the structure of the temple depicting the core belief in hinduism trimurti.
Prambanan is the largest hindu temple in indonesia.
Built around 850 bc by the sanjaya dynasty.
Prambanan temple turned out to be one of the highlights of our visit to java, and it totally surprised us.
From the research of the historians.
Shiva the destroyer of the universe, vishnu the keeper of the universe, and.
This can be seen in the structure of the temple depicting the core belief in hinduism trimurti.
Indonesia is known to be a melting pot of ancient traditions, cultures, and history and is home to some of the world's most marvellous architectural structures.
Prambanan Temple - Yogyakarta
Our guide Gagat was a delightful gentleman as we entered the Temple Compound he explained in great detail the history of the temple and was able to get up close to exam the details of the structures & the stone relief work.
Due to the narrow and small interiors these were currently roped off as it would be impossible to social distance inside.
Prambanan is the biggest Hindu temple in Indonesia as well as one of the most beautiful temples in Southeast Asia. According an inscription the temple was constructed during the mid ninth century but the center of the government was moved to East Java by the end of the tenth century.
As a result, this epic temple was abandoned and left unattended some parts of the temple were later buried by the volcanic materials spewed by Merapi Volcano.
Prambanan then slowly became a dense forest, 100’s of years later, the ruins of the temple were discovered. No one knew its history at that time. As a result, the Legend of Roro Jonggrang was born and then passed
down from one generation to another.
In 1811, the British administration rediscovered the two temples by chance, but it’s not until 1930 that a restoration initiative started, a process that is still not nearly completed even until now.
There are around 240 major and minor temples within the Prambanan Temple compound, only 18 of that total amount are successfully restored, while the others remain scattered as piles of stones.
Three of the 8 main temples are called the Trimurti ("three forms"). These three temples are dedicated to the three most important deities in Hindu: Brahma the Creator, Vishnu the Preserver and Shiva the Destroyer.
One thing about these virtual tours is their diversity, railway stations, ancient ruins or trekking the Scottish Highlands my virtual passport will soon need more pages.
Tour Narration Prambanan Temple in Yogyakarta Indonesia
PRAMBANAN TEMPLE — Anyone who ever visited Yogyakarta city would not be complete, if not visit Prambanan Temple. Presenting a rich historical relic when explored more deeply, let alone related to the myth and history.
Sukarno said “Never forget history once”. Because history makes many lessons to prepare for the future. Let’s get to know more with this temple.
History of Prambanan
Compiled from various sources Prambanan Temple is a group of temples built by Sanjaya Dynasty kings in the IX century.
The discovery of the name Pikatan name on the temple raises the opinion that this temple was built by Rakai Pikatan which was then completed by Rakai Balitung based on the inscription of berangka 856 M “Siwargrarha inscription” as a political manifest to confirm its position as a great king.
The inscription Siwargrarha year 856 AD issued by Rakai Pikatan is unknown origin, now stored in the National Museum of Jakarta.
This inscription began to attract attention after J.G. De Casparis managed to decipher and discuss it. According to Casparis there are three important things in the prasati, namely the language is the oldest example of inscriptions that date in javanese poetry written contents of materials or events of history is very important from the mid-century IX M.
In it there is a detailed description of a “cluster of temples”, something unique in ancient Javanese epigraphy. From the above description of the interesting historical events and descriptions of the construction of cluster of temples. The historical event in question is a war between Balaputeradewa from the Sailendra family against Rakai Pikatan from the Sanjaya family.
Balaputeradewa lost and fled to Sumatra. The consolidation of Rakai Pikatan’s royal family then became the beginning of a new period that needed to be inaugurated by the construction of a large temple cluster. In 1991 this temple was designated as a world heritage site by UNESCO.
There is an inscription that has been found and berangka year 856 AD Shivagrha Inscription. And based on the Shivagrha Inscription, it is said that Prambanan Temple was built in honor of Lord Shiva which is the greatest Hindu god.
And based on that inscription, it is mentioned that this temple was first named as Shiva-grha which means Shiva’s House and also called Shiva-laya which means the Shiva Empire.
The history of Prambanan Temple also can not be separated from the inscription Shivagrha also mentioned about the ongoing of a large project that also took place simultaneously with the construction of Prambanan Temple. The big project that takes place on the exterior of this enclave is the Opak River project.
Opak River is a large river that flows north of Prambanan Temple. It was mentioned that the opaque river originally flowed from the north of the temple complex towards the east, then diverted its flow to the temple.
Opak river cutting is done by cutting the flow of water in the north and diverted directly to the south just past the east of Prambanan Temple.
The history of Prambanan temple ended when the Mataram Kingdom Palace shifted and moved to East Java. Believed to be the cause of the removal of the central government location was caused by a large eruption of Mount Merapi which is located in the north of the temple.
Another cause is the existence of various major rebellions that occurred in the Sanjaya Dynasty itself. And moved the center of government is done by Mpu Sindok in 930 AD which later founded the Isyana Dynasty.
After being abandoned, Prambanan Temple gradually began to decay and eventually suffered massive destruction due to a major earthquake that occurred in the 16th century.
And finally Prambanan Temple is really only a small debris that amounted to hundreds. But even so the surrounding community is still very respectful of the existence of the ruins of the temple to the extent that came the famous legend Roro Jonggrang.
Reinvention and Restoration Prambanan Temple
After hundreds of years of abandonment and debris left, the history of Prambanan temple began to see the light after the British interested to restore the glory of this temple.
Colin Mackenzie is a Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles man by chance found the ruins of Prambanan Temple and assigned to excavate. But it did not go smoothly, and the ruins still remain dormant.
Several restorations were carried out by the Dutch government in 1880, 1918, and finally a large restoration in 1930 and ended in 1953 which was inaugurated directly by Indonesia’s first president Soekarno.
In the history of Prambanan temple, in 2006 this temple was severely damaged as a result of an earthquake that shook the region of Yogyakarta and surrounding areas. However, this temple immediately get a thorough improvement
The Beautiful at Prambanan Temple
Prambanan Temple or Shiwa Temple is also often referred to as Roro Jonggrang temple related to the legend that tells about a virgin who jonggrang (tall) who is the daughter of King Boko.
The edge of the temple is bordered by a balustrade fence decorated with reliefs of Ramayana stories that can be enjoyed by pradaksina (walking around the temple with the center of the temple always to our right) through the alley. The Prambanan temple complex was built by the Sanjaya Wajca Kings (Dinasty) in the 9th century.
Prambanan temple is a temple complex with the main temple facing east, with the overall shape resembling mountains at wayang kulit as high as 47 meters. Hinduism recognizes Tri Murti consisting of God Brahma as the Creator, Lord Vishnu as the Preserver, Lord Shiwa as the Destroyer.
The main chamber of the main temple is occupied by God Shiwa as the Maha Dewa so it can be concluded Prambanan temple is Shiwa temple. Prambanan temple or Shiwa temple is also often referred to as Loro Jonggrang temple related to the legend that tells about a virgin who jonggrang or tall girl, daughter of King Boko who built his kingdom on the hill south of Prambanan temple complex.
The edge of the temple is lined with balustrades, which are decorated with Ramayana reliefs that can be enjoyed when we walk around the temple with the center of the temple always to our right through the alley. The story continues on the railing of the Brahma temple on the left (south) of the main temple.
While on the fence of the ledge of Wishnu temple which is located on the right (north) of the main temple, sculptured Kresnadipayana relief story depicting the childhood story of King Krishna as the incarnation of Lord Vishnu in eradicating the arrogance that is about to hit the world. The main temple chamber facing north contains Durga empress Dewa Shiwa’s shrine, but most people call it Roro Jonggrang statue.
The Origin of Prambanan Temple Name
The name Prambanan, derived from the name of the village where this temple stands, is allegedly a change of the name of the Javanese dialect of the Hindu theologian term Brahman meaning “Brahman the Great” ie Brahman or ultimate reality of the highest and greatest that can not be described, which is often equated with the concept of God in Hinduism.
Another opinion assumes that the Brahman may refer to the glorious period of this temple which was once filled with brahmins. Another opinion suggests that the name “Prambanan” is derived from the root of the word mban in the Javanese language meaning to bear or bear the task, referring to the Hindu gods who carry out the task of organizing and running the harmony of the universe.
The original name of this Hindu temple complex is the name of Sanskrit Siwagrha (Siwa Shiva) or Siwalaya (Shiva’s World), based on the Siwagrha Inscription dated 778 Saka (856 AD).
Trimurti is glorified in this temple complex with its three main temples glorifying Brahma, Shiva, and Vishnu. But Shiva Mahadewa who occupies the main room in the temple of Shiva is the most glorified deity in this temple complex.
Folklore of Prambanan Temple
Once upon a time there was a great empire called Prambanan. His people live in tranquility and peace. But what happens next? The kingdom of Prambanan was attacked and colonized by Pengging country.
The serenity of the Prambanan Kingdom is disturbed. The soldiers were unable to face the Pengging forces. Finally, the kingdom of Prambanan is controlled by Pengging, and led by Bandung Bondowoso. Bandung Bondowoso is a cruel ruler.
“Anyone who does not obey my orders will be severely punished!”, Said Bandung Bondowoso to his people. Bandung Bondowoso is a sakti and has jinns. Not long how powerful, Bandung Bondowoso likes to observe the movements of Loro Jonggrang, the beautiful daughter of Prambanan King.
“Beautiful nian princess. I want him to be my queen, “thought Bandung Bondowoso.
The next day, Bondowoso approached Loro Jonggrang.
“You are very beautiful, will you be my queen?”, Question Bandung Bondowoso to Loro Jonggrang.
Loro Jonggrang gasped, hearing Bondowoso’s question. “This man is very presumptuous, do not know me immediately want me to be queen”, said Loro Jongrang in the heart. “What should I do?”
Loro Jonggrang became confused. His mind was spinning. If he refuses, then Bandung Bondowoso will be furious and endanger his family and the people of Prambanan. To say yes was not possible, because Loro Jonggrang did not like the Bandung Bondowoso.
“How, Loro Jonggrang?” Urged Bondowoso.
Finally Loro Jonggrang got the idea. “I am willing to be your master’s wife, but there is a condition,” he said. “What is the condition? Want an abundance of treasures? Or a magnificent Palace? “. “Not that, my lord,” said Loro Jonggrang.
I ask a temple, the total must one thousands. “A thousand pieces?” Bondowoso shouted. “Yes, and the temple must be finished overnight.” Bandung Bondowoso stared at Loro Jonggrang, his lips quivering with anger.
Since then Bandung Bondowoso think how to make 1000 temples. Finally he asked his advisor. “I believe my master can make the temple with the help of Jin!”, Said the advisor.
“Yes, your suggestion is right, prepare the equipment I need!”
Once the equipment is prepared. Bandung Bondowoso stands in front of the stone altar. Her arms were spread wide. “Jinn, Help me!” She shouted in a thunderous voice.
Soon the sky became dark. The wind was roaring. A moment later, the troops of jinn are already surrounding the Bandung Bondowoso. “What should we do?” Asked the jinn leader.
“Help me build a thousand temples,” pleaded Bandung Bondowoso.
The jinn immediately moved to and fro, carrying out their respective duties. In a short time the temple building has been arranged almost reaching a thousand pieces. Meanwhile, Loro Jonggrang secretly observes from a distance.
He was worried, knowing that Bondowoso was assisted by the jinn forces. “Well, how is this?”, Said Loro Jonggrang in the heart. He’s looking for sense.
The royal ladies were told to assemble and be assigned to collect the straw.
“Fuel all the hay!” Orders Loro Jonggrang.
Some other ladies were told to pound the mortar. Dung … dung … dung! A rush of red shone into the sky with a frenzied voice, making it look like a dawning dawn. The Jinns thought dawn was breaking.
“Well, the sun will rise!” Cried the genie. “We must leave immediately before our bodies are burned by the sun,” continued the other genie. The jinns scattered away leaving that place.
Bandung Bondowoso was surprised to see panic jin troop. In the morning, Bandung Bondowoso invites Loro Jonggrang to the temple. “The temple you asked for is standing!”. Loro Jonggrang immediately counted the number of the temple. Apparently the number is only 999 pieces!.
“The number is less than one!” Cried Loro Jonggrang. “That means you have failed to qualify me.” Bandung Bondowoso surprised to know the shortcomings.
He became very angry. “It is impossible …”, said Bondowoso while gazing sharply at Loro Jonggrang. “Then you’re the one who completes it!” He said, pointing his finger at Loro Jonggrang. Wonderful! Loro Jonggrang immediately turned into a stone statue. Until now the temples are still there and located in the region of Prambanan, Central Java and called Loro Jonggrang Temple.
According to the beliefs of the surrounding community, these lovers will actually break up after entering this room. Conversely, if married couples will further strengthen the wedding ropes of woven marriage.
Another story, which is related to the things that would unexpectedly appear what if the visitors behave improperly in the temple location. Like acting at will, by climbing the temple and smoking in the temple environment. Some have also experienced possessions if they behave rudely.
Ticket & Facilities in Prambanan Temple
Tourists shall be charged with the following fees:
Local tourist is Rp. 30.000, – (adult), Rp. 15,000 (children 3-6 years old)
Foreign tourists are USD $ 18.
Prambanan Package and Ratu Boko Temple Rp.45.000, –
The facilities there can be enjoyed
For those of you who bring a private vehicle, you do not have to worry to park the vehicle because around the park, the manager of Prambanan temple has provided ample parking space to accommodate two-wheeled vehicles, four even bus though.
If you want to pray, you can do it in the mosque which is located across the street of Prambanan temple. Not difficult to go to the mosque because in addition to its location which is also located right on the edge of the road, large and magnificent buildings make this mosque can be seen easily.
If you come at night and want to stay while waiting for tomorrow morning, you can find some alternative lodging and hotel around Prambanan temple. But so far I just found three hotels located not far from Prambanan Temple, the Temple View Hotel, Puri Devata Resort and Hotel Edotel Kalasan (located across the street of Prambanan temple)
Prambanan Museum is located in the Prambanan Temple complex, Yogyakarta. Here there are various historical relics such as relics of the megalithic period, ancient statues, paintings, forms of restoration of the temple from year to year, and so forth. Entrance to this museum area is FREE, aka no cost. In the plaza presented traditional music of Yogyakarta that adds charm of the typical atmosphere of the palace.
I forgot how much the rent is
Route Towards Prambanan Temple
The location of Prambanan Temple from Jogja city is very easy. You can go by road either public transportation or private vehicle. Travel from Yogyakarta for approximately 30 kilometers to the Northeast, can be reached for approximately 30 minutes. From downtown Jogja you can go straight to Jl.Solo, and continue until reaching gate boundary of province of Central Java – DIY.
From the city limits Prambanan Temple is visible on your left. From here you live forward a little about 500 meters to arrive at the first red light junction after the gate of the city limits. Well the location of Prambanan temple exactly the entrance is on your left (north). We also can take the Trans Jogja bus enough to pay Rp. 4000,- or around 1 Dollar.
Holiday Tips To Prambanan Temple
1. If you want to take a look good looking come a bit early or late afternoon. Sunlight support will certainly beautify the look of photos taken.
2. Bring an umbrella if possible so do not rent umbrellas (If come morning before noon). There can also be rented at varied prices ranging from Rp. 5,000- Rp. 10,000.
3. Prepare the energy due to the rather distant route when returning home. Also provide mineral water.
4. Camera with okay resolution
Prambanan is the largest Hindu temple of ancient Java, and the construction of this royal temple was probably started by Rakai Pikatan as the Hindu Sanjaya Dynasty’s answer to the Buddhist Sailendra Dynasty’s Borobudur and Sewu temples nearby. Historians suggest that the construction of Prambanan probably was meant to mark the return of the Hindu Sanjaya Dynasty to power in Central Java after almost a century of Buddhist Sailendra Dynasty domination. Nevertheless, the construction of this massive Hindu temple signifies that the Medangcourt had shifted the focus of its patronage from Mahayana Buddhism to Shivaist Hinduism.
A temple was first built at the site around 850 CE by Rakai Pikatan and expanded extensively by King Lokapala and Balitung Maha Sambu the Sanjaya king of the Mataram Kingdom. According to the Shivagrha inscription of 856 CE, the temple was built to honor Lord Shiva and its original name was Shiva-grha (the House of Shiva) or Shiva-laya (the Realm of Shiva).  Indeed, some archaeologists propose that the statue of Shiva in the garbhagriha (central chamber) of the main temple is modelled after King Balitung, serving as a depiction of his deified self after death.  The present name Prambanan, was derived from the name of Prambanan village where the temple stood, this name probably being the corrupted Javanesepronunciation of “Para Brahman” (“of the brahmins“), doubtless an echo its heyday when the temple was filled with great numbers of brahmins.
The temple compound was expanded by successive Mataram kings such as Daksa and Tulodong with the addition of hundreds of perwara temples around the chief temple. Prambanan served as the royal temple of the Hindu Kingdom of Mataram, with most of the state’s religious ceremonies and sacrifices being conducted there. At the height of the Mataram kingdom, scholars estimate that hundreds of brahmins with their disciples lived within the outer wall of the temple compound. The urban center and the court of Mataram were located nearby, somewhere in the Prambanan Plain.
In the 930s, the court was shifted to East Java by Mpu Sindok, who established the Isyana Dynasty. An eruption of Mount Merapi volcano, located north of Prambanan in central Java, or a power struggle probably caused the shift. That marked the beginning of the decline of the temple. It was soon abandoned and began to deteriorate.
The temples themselves collapsed during a major earthquake in the 16th century. Although the temple ceased to be an important center of worship, the ruins scattered around the area were still recognizable and known to the local Javanese people in later times. The statues and the ruins become the theme and the inspiration for the Loro Jonggrang folktale. After the division of Mataram Sultanate in 1755, the temple ruins and the Opak River were used to demarcate the boundary between Yogyakarta and Surakarta (Solo) Sultanates.
The ruins of Prambanan soon after their discovery.
In 1811 during Britain’s short-lived rule of the Dutch East Indies, Collin Mackenzie, a surveyor in the service of Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, came upon the temples by chance. Although Sir Thomas subsequently commissioned a full survey of the ruins, they remained neglected for decades, with Dutch residents carting off sculptures as garden ornaments and native villagers using the foundation stones for construction material.
Half-hearted excavations by archaeologists in the 1880s merely facilitated looting. Reconstruction of the compound began in 1918, and proper restoration only in 1930. Efforts at restoration continue to this day. The main building was completed around 1953. Since much of the original stonework has been stolen and reused at remote construction sites, hampering restoration and since a temple can be rebuilt only if at least 75% of the original masonry is available, only the foundations of most of the smaller shrines are now visible with no plans for their reconstruction.
Prambanan nightview from the Trimurti open-air stage.
Ramayana dance performance in Prambanan.
In the early 1990s the government removed the market that had sprung up near the temple and transformed the surrounding villages and rice paddies into an archaeological park. The park covers a large area, from Yogyakarta-Solo main road in the south, encompassing the whole Prambanan complex, the ruins of Lumbung and Bubrah temples, and as far as the Sewu temple compound in the north. In 1992 the Indonesian government created a State-owned Limited Liability Enterprise (PERSERO) of PT Taman Wisata Candi Borobudur, Prambanan, dan Ratu Boko. This enterprise is the authority for the park management of Borobudur Prambanan Ratu Boko and the surrounding region.
The open-air and indoor stages on the west side of the temple right across the Opak river, were built to stage the Ramayana ballet. This traditional Javanese dance is the centuries old dance of the Javanese court, performed every full moon night in the Prambanan temple since the 1960s. Since then, Prambanan has become one of the major archaeological and cultural tourism attractions in Indonesia.
After the reconstruction of the main temples in 1990s, Prambanan once again reclaim its status as an important religious center for Hindurituals and ceremonies in Java. The religious significance revival of Prambanan was due to Balinese and Javanese Hindu communities in Yogyakarta and Central Java that annually perform their sacred ceremonies in Prambanan, such as Galungan, Tawur Kesanga, and Nyepi.  
The temple was damaged during the May 2006 Java earthquake. Early photos suggested that although the complex was structurally intact, the damage was significant. Large pieces of debris, including carvings, were scattered over the ground. The temple was closed to visitors until the damage could be fully assessed. Eventually, the head of Yogyakarta Archaeological Conservation Agency stated that it would take months to identify the precise extent of the damage.   However, some weeks later in 2006 the site was re-opened for visitors. As of 2009, the interior of most of the temples remains off-limits for safety reasons.
Prambanan Temple, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Aside from the famous Borobudur Temple, another place worth visiting is Prambanan Temple. It is located within city limits and is thirty minutes away from the airport or from Molioboro hotels. Prambanan Temple also known as Candi Prambanan, is a UNESCO World Heritage site in Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
Prambanan Temple also known as Roro Jonggrang Temple ( Temple of the Slender Virgin) was built 9th century, during the reign of two kings, Rakai Pikatan and Rakai Balitung. The temple complex covers an area of 39.8 hectares which include 240 temples , making it the largest Hindu temple in Indonesia.
The three main temples in Prambanan are dedicated to the three supreme gods of Hinduism: Shiva the destroyer of the universe, Vishnu the keeper of the universe, and Brahma the creator of the universe. The tallest temple of Prambanan is a staggering 47 meters high. Its peak visible from far away and rises high above the ruins of the other temples.
The temple looks amazing with very interesting architecture. The main temple is located in the middle with another three temples, slightly smaller, nearby. The different temples have different stories and functions.
We are truly amazed as the view is so beautiful and surreal, completely different from its surroundings, it’s a very very picturesque scene that you have to see it with your own eyes. It took us about two hours to explore each temple and enjoy the amazing architecture and history.
We used the services of a guide at Prambanan Temple and this added to the enjoyment of our visit. We were given information about the history and construction of the temple and our guide also gave us a brief explanation of the Ramayana story as depicted in the stone carvings . The stone carvings and statues are beautiful, impressive, even awe-inducing.
Good to Know
- The early morning is a cool and comfortable time to visit. You can stay at one of the local hotels for a night to get an early start for watching the spectacular sunrise over the temple grounds.
- Make sure you drink plenty of water and wear sunscreen and a hat. There are hawkers and cafes to buy cold drinks from within the compound.
- At the ticket office you can hire a guide who will explain the history, legends and architecture of this fascinating and impressive cultural site. You will also learn all about the Ramayana and Krishnayana epics, scenes from which are carved into the walls of the central temples.
- The Ramayana ballet is performed against a backdrop of the illuminated temple spires for four nights during each full moon from May to October. Do not miss the chance to see this amazing performance.
- Although it is possible to walk around to see all the temples in the compound, a trip on the toy train (IDR 5,000) can take the strain off your feet, especially on a hot day.
If you’re planning to visit both the Borobudur Temple and the Prambanan Temples, We suggest that you get a combined “package ticket” for US$ 40. And don’t forget to wear your sarong when you visit the place. Everybody’s required to wear it.
Pictures of PrambananPrambanan - Photo by zsoolt
Templestorm, and Stunning Results from the HDR Workshop - Prambanan. Photo by Trey Ratcliff
Prambanan - Photo by Thabo Zijlstra